Community Health and Child Survival Resources

The following references present a broad array of information that will help you understand community health and child survival.

Community Maternal, Newborn and Child Health

 child-survival-community-health-curriculum Child Survival Community Health Curriculum [PDF]
This manual was authored by several Medical Teams International staff, including Kecia Bertermann, Yanti Damanik, Arista Ginting, Barbara J. Huff, Lydia Sagala, and Harry Sosiawan. The health lessons in the curriculum are delivered by Community Health Facilitators (CHF).

Each CHF works with several mothers’ groups under the Care Group Model. The curriculum consists of five modules covering Maternal & Neonatal Care; Immunization; Diarrhea; Acute Respiratory Infection; and, Nutrition and Breastfeeding. As a preface to the health modules, there is a Foundational Module that introduces a holistic view of health with a basis in scripture and the Christian faith.

This manual was developed as part of the Medical Teams International Child Survival project in Nais, Indonesia. 
State-World-Mothers-2014 State of the World's Mothers 2014. This report, published by Save the Children, ranks the best and worst countries in the world to be a mother. The 2014 report focuses on maternal health in crisis situations.
 community-based-integrated-management-childhood-illness-facilitators Community-based Integrated Management of Childhood Illnesses Facilitators Guide[PDF]
The facilitators guide was developed to equip volunteer Community Health Promoters (CHP) in a Child Survival Project with the knowledge, skills and attitudes needed to teach and support Household Health Promoters (HHP) to prepare for their work.  HHPs will in turn pass on the knowledge and help the community to adopt new behaviors to improve health among women and children in the target area of Grand Cape Mount County, Liberia.

The guide is divided into six modules including: facilitating adult learning, breastfeeding and nutrition, immunization, diarrhea, malaria and pneumonia. Each module has several lessons with suggested teaching activities, teaching aids, presentation and facilitator notes.
Community-based Integrated Management of Childhood Illness Program Guide[PDF]
 core-grou CORE Group CORE Group is a coalition of nongovernmental organizations, is a global leader in responding to health issues that place children at risk. Since 1997, the CORE Group and its members have worked across the developing world to aid mother, father and community leaders in improving the health of their children.

Resources include case studies, curricula, working papers, online trainings and a Child Health database.
  Care Groups was developed by Food for the Hungry.  Care Groups: A Training Manual for Program Design and Implementation. Narrated presentation: Care Groups in Emergency and Post-Emergency. Narrated PowerPoint presentation: Reducing Malnutrition and Childhood Deaths Using Care Groups.
  Developing and Strengthening Community Health Worker Program at Scale: A Reference Guide and Case Studies for Program Managers and Policy makers. This document is an in-depth review of issues and questions that should be considered when addressing key issues relevant for large-scale CHW programs.
 maternal-and-child-health-integrated-program Maternal and Child Health Integrated Program  The Maternal and Child Health Integrated Program provides technical support in program design, monitoring, implementation and evaluation to grantees supported through USAID’s Child Survival and Health Grants Program, the President’s Malaria Initiative and other non-governmental organizations participation in USAID Mission supported initiatives.

Visit the site for program guidance, tools and project information.
 knowledge-for-health-project The Knowledge for Health (K4Health) Project
The Knowledge for Health (K4Health) Project is led by the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health’s Center for Communication Programs, in partnership with FHI 360 and Management Sciences for Health. K4Health works to improve access to and sharing of global, regional, and country-specific public health knowledge, particularly about family planning and reproductive health (FP/RH). K4Health approaches its work from a knowledge management (KM) perspective. Sometimes called “KME” for “knowledge management and exchange.” The organization works to evaluate the knowledge sharing structures in health programs and systems to find ways for knowledge to be shared more effectively. Its products and services strengthen the KME capabilities of the global health sector. 5 Lessons on integrating family planning and maternal health.
 wilson-center-global-health-initiative The Wilson Center Global Health Initiative  By leveraging, building on and coordinating the Wilson Center’s strong regional and cross-cutting programming, the Global Health Initiative (GHI) promotes dialogue and understanding among practitioners, scholars, community leaders and policymakers on global health issues.

The website houses many excellent webinars on maternal and reproductive health. 


Social and Behavior Change and Community Mobilization 

barrier-analysis-online-training  Barrier Analysis online training
A tool for improving behavior change communication in child survival and community development programs. You may also download the facilitators guide.

Provided by Food for the Hungry.
 community-led-total-sanitation Community-Led Total Sanitation
Community-led total sanitation (CLTS) is an innovative methodology for mobilizing communities to completely eliminate poor sanitation practices. Communities are facilitated to conduct their own appraisal and analysis and take their own action to become ODF (open defecation free). At the heart of CLTS lies the recognition that merely providing toilets does not guarantee their use, nor result in improved sanitation and hygiene.

Earlier approaches to sanitation prescribed high initial standards and offered subsidies as an incentive. But this often led to uneven adoption, problems with long-term sustainability and only partial use. In contrast, CLTS triggers the community’s desire for change, propels them into action and encourages innovation, mutual support and appropriate local solutions, thus leading to greater ownership and sustainability.

Provided by the Institute of Development Studies.
 core-group-social-behavior-change-working-group-resources CORE Group Social and Behavior Change working group resources
Information on SBC program design strategies such as Barrier Analysis, Partnership Defined Quality, the use of Care Groups, Designing for Behavior Change, and BEHAVE.
 designing-behavior-change Designing for Behavior Change [PDF]
This field-tested, six-day training package will enable private voluntary organizations (PVOs) and partners to replicate the BEHAVE workshops conducted with CORE Group members. The manual consolidates handouts and facilitator materials with easy-to-use training guidelines. It is built upon the BEHAVE Framework, developed by the Academy for Education Development (AED). The framework is a strategic planning tool for programs that have major behavior change components.

Provided by CORE Group.
 participation-empowerment Participation for Empowerment [PDF]
This manual for Development Agents was developed as a guide to assist in training field staff to adopt techniques and attitudes that promote community empowerment in their program planning and day-to-day activities. Please note that it is not intended for the participants to replicate the training with community groups, but rather to put the concepts and skills into practice themselves. This should be made clear to the participants.

This manual is presented in the form of a workshop, lasting approximately five days, with all the instructions needed to replicate the workshop. It is intended as a guide, rather than a blueprint of every workshop detail. This manual should be viewed as a guide to be adapted to local issues and priorities.

Provided by CARE
 partnership-defined-quality Partnership Defined Quality
Partnership Defined Quality is a methodology to improve the quality and accessibility of services with community involvement in defining, implementing, and monitoring the quality improvement process. CORE Group hosts this manual and facilitators’ guide, along with monographs from several implementing projects. 
Care Groups Care Groups: A Training Manual for Program Design and Implementation.
  The Role of Social Accountability in Improving Health Outcomes: Overview and Analysis of Select NGO Experiences to Advance the Field by Kamden Hoffmann, PhD. This publication is a report of experiences of NGOs including Save the Children, World Vision and CARE regarding methodologies they have used to promote social accountability around health improvement.



food-nutrition-security-network  Food and Nutrition Security Network
The Food Security and Nutrition (FSN) Network is an open community of food security and nutrition implementers creating opportunities to share information, shape agendas, understand and influence donor priorities, build consensus on promising practices, and widely distribute technical knowledge. 

The website resource library has resources on community mobilization, social and behavior change and gender integration applied to food security and nutrition programs. 
 food-nutrition-technical-assistance-project-publications Food and Nutrition Technical Assistance Project Publications
FANTA-2 works to improve nutrition and food security policies, strategies and programs through technical support to the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) and its partners, including host country governments, international organizations and NGO implementing partners. FANTA-2 develops and adapts approaches to support the design and quality implementation of field programs, while building on field experience to improve and expand the evidence base, methods and global standards for nutrition and food security programming. Provided by Food and Nutrition Technical Assistance (FANTA) project.
 infant-young-child-nutrition-project Infant and Young Child Nutrition Project
The Infant & Young Child Nutrition (IYCN) Project was the flagship project on infant and young child nutrition of USAID from 2006 through 2012. The five year project aimed to improve nutrition for mothers, infants, and young children and promote HIV-free survival of children.

IYCN built on 25 years of USAID leadership in maternal, infant, and young child nutrition, focusing on proven interventions that are effective during pregnancy through the first two years of life. 
 learning-to-listen-to-mothers Learning to Listen to Mothers
This manual provides guidelines and instructions for planning and conducting a two-day Growth Monitoring and Promotion (GMP) workshop. The training is designed for field supervisors and community health workers already skilled in weighing and charting child growth so they can focus on "strengthening communication" aspects of their practice.

Provided by the Center of Global Health Communication and Marketing.  
 programming-infant-young-child-feeding Programming for Infant and Young Child Feeding
This web-based training course is designed to enhance the competencies and build capacity of staff and counterparts who are involved in Infant and Young Child Feeding (IYCF) programs in developing countries.

The course, presented by UNICEF and Cornell University, includes program development, program implementation, program evaluation, and other related activities for improving nutrition and health outcomes of infants and young children. 
 window-opportunity Window of Opportunity
The Window of Opportunity program focuses on the 1000 days between conception and age two, using proven, cost-effective interventions to increase access to food, improve the quality of health systems, and promote appropriate changes in behavior. The program spans both the individual and community level and is designed to reduce stunting, wasting, micronutrient deficiencies, and ultimately, maternal and child deaths. 
 world-bank-nutrition-toolkit World Bank Nutrition Toolkit
The World Bank's Nutrition Toolkit helps staff design and supervise effective and feasible nutrition projects and project components and to carry out comprehensive analysis of sectoral and policy issues affecting nutrition.

 USAID-global-health-elearning-center Nutrition (An Introduction), an online course offered by the USAID Global Health eLearning Center, is an excellent overview of nutrition issues for project managers and anyone wanting to learn more about nutrition in the developing world. The course provides an introduction to the magnitude of malnutrition in different populations, groups most affected by poor nutrition, the causes of undernutrition, and interventions to improve nutritional status. If this is your first time taking a Global Health eLearning Center course, you will need to register on the website. 
  The Lancet series on maternal and child nutrition. Evidence-based interventions for improvement of maternal and child nutrition: what can be done and at what cost?


Working with Health Facilities

 facilitative-supervision-handbook Facilitative Supervision Handbook
Facilitative supervision helps supervisors at all levels in an institution focus on the needs of the staff they oversee. Supervisors who use the facilitative approach consider staff to be their customers.

This approach emphasizes mentoring, joint problem solving, and two-way communication between a supervisor and those being supervised. Provided by Engender Health.
 integrated-management-childhood-illnesses Integrated Management of Childhood Illnesses
The World Health Organization's Integrated Management of Childhood Illnesses (IMCI) is an integrated approach to child health that focuses on the well-being of the whole child. IMCI aims to reduce death, illness and disability, and to promote improved growth and development among children under five years of age.

IMCI includes both preventive and curative elements that are implemented by families and communities as well as by health facilities.


Safe Motherhood and Family Planning

a-guide-to-family-planning-for-community-health-workers-and-their-clients  A Guide to Family Planning for Community Health Workers and their Clients
This flip-chart is a tool to use during family planning counseling or in group sessions with clients. It can help clients choose and use the method of family planning that suits them best; give community health workers the information needed for high-quality and effective family planning counseling and help them know who may need referral.
 love-children-and-family-planning-bible-study-discussion-guide Love, Children and Family Planning Bible Study Discussion Guide
This book was produced by Georgetown University’s Institute for Reproductive Health and Christian Connections for International Health in collaboration with Judith Brown, PhD. It is meant to be used by small groups – in churches, in neighborhoods and in Christian nursing schools and health centers.

Additional resources on family planning and reproductive health can be found at Christian Connections for International Health.
 love-children-and-family-planning-bible-study-discussion-guide Safe Motherhood Initiative The Partnership for Safe Motherhood and Newborn Health was established with the aim of promoting the health of women and newborns, especially the most vulnerable. The Partnership aims to strengthen maternal and newborn health efforts at global, regional and national levels, in the context of equity, poverty reduction and human rights. 
 world-health-organization-resources-on-family-planning World Health Organization resources on family planning The World Health Organization's resources on family planning includes technical information, training resources and links to WHO’s family planning and reproductive health programs.

Download the Family Planning: A Global Handbook for Providers. It is available in Arabic, English, French, Hindi, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian and Spanish.